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Today ....

Monday 11 December 2023 Manama time, Kingdom of Bahrain
٢٧ جمادى الأولى ١٤٤٥ هـ
20 القوس 1401 هجري شمسي
فصل الخريف نوء المربعانية 5
نجم الاكليل 5

Bahrain calendar

UN and National Days

  • 11 December International Mountain Day

Upcoming Eids and Islamic events

  • Start of Ramadhan 1445 H: 11-03-2024 (After After 91 days )
  • Eid Al Fitr 1445 H: 10-04-2024 (After After 121 days )
  • Eid al-Adha 1445 H: 16-06-2024 (After After 188 days )
  • Start of Hijri New Year 1446: 07-07-2024 (After After 209 days )
  • Anniversary of the Prophet 's Birthday 1446 H: 15-09-2024 (After After 279 days )

International days for the coming seven days

  • 12 December International Day of Neutrality
  • 12 December International Universal Health Coverage Day
  • 18 December International Migrants Day
  • 18 December Arabic Language Day

National days for the coming seven days

  • 12 December Kenya
  • 13 December Malta
  • 13 December Saint Lucia
  • 15 December Alderney (British Islands)
  • 15 December Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • 16 December Bahrain
  • 16 December Bangladesh
  • 16 December Kazakhstan
  • 17 December Bhutan
  • 18 December Niger
  • 18 December Qatar

Happened this day (11 December) *

- Pre-1600
- 308 At Carnuntum, Emperor emeritus Diocletian confers with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to end the civil wars of the Tetrarchy.
- 1028 Constantine VIII dies, ending his uninterrupted reign as emperor or co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire of 66 years.
- 1100 Henry I of England marries Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and a direct descendant of the Saxon king Edmund Ironside; Matilda is crowned on the same day.
- 1215 The Fourth Council of the Lateran meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.
- 1500 Treaty of Granada: Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
- 1572 Tycho Brahe observes the supernova SN 1572.
- 1601–1900
- 1620 The Mayflower Compact is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod.
- 1634 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.
- 1673 Second Battle of Khotyn in Ukraine: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets made by Kazimierz Siemienowicz are successfully used.
- 1675 Gottfried Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).
- 1724 Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
- 1750 Riots break out in Lhasa after the murder of the Tibetan regent.
- 1750 The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, is formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It is the first college fraternity.
- 1778 Cherry Valley massacre: Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
- 1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein: Eight thousand French troops attempt to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
- 1813 War of 1812: Battle of Crysler's Farm: British and Canadian forces defeat a larger American force, causing the Americans to abandon their Saint Lawrence campaign.
- 1831 In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
- 1839 The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
- 1855 A powerful earthquake occurs in Edo, Japan, causing considerable damage in the Kantō region from the shaking and subsequent fires. It had a death toll of 7,000–10,000 people and destroyed around 14,000 buildings.
- 1865 Treaty of Sinchula is signed whereby Bhutan cedes the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
- 1869 The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act is enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.
- 1880 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
- 1887 Four convicted anarchists were executed as a result of the Haymarket affair.
- 1889 The State of Washington is admitted as the 42nd state of the United States.
- 1901–present
- 1911 Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.
- 1918 World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne.
- 1918 Józef Piłsudski assumes supreme military power in Poland symbolic first day of Polish independence.
- 1918 Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
- 1919 The Industrial Workers of the World attack an Armistice Day parade in Centralia, Washington, ultimately resulting in the deaths of five people.
- 1919 Latvian forces defeat the West Russian Volunteer Army at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.
- 1921 The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
- 1923 Adolf Hitler is arrested in Munich for high treason for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.
- 1926 The United States Numbered Highway System is established.
- 1930 Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
- 1934 The Shrine of Remembrance is opened in Melbourne, Australia.
- 1940 World War II: In the Battle of Taranto, the Royal Navy launches the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history.
- 1940 World War II: The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail from the Automedon, and sends it to Japan.
- 1942 World War II: France's zone libre is occupied by German forces in Case Anton.
- 1942 The Turkish parliament passes the Varlık Vergisi, a capital tax mostly levied on non-Muslim citizens with the unofficial aim to inflict financial ruin on them and end their prominence in the country's economy.
- 1960 A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed.
- 1961 Thirteen Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force, are massacred by a mob in Kindu.
- 1962 Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
- 1965 Southern Rhodesia's Prime Minister Ian Smith unilaterally declares the colony independent as the unrecognised state of Rhodesia.
- 1965 United Air Lines Flight 227 crashes at Salt Lake City International Airport, killing 43.
- 1966 NASA launches Gemini 12.
- 1967 Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
- 1968 Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
- 1972 Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
- 1975 Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December.
- 1975 Independence of Angola.
- 1977 A munitions explosion at a train station in Iri, South Korea kills at least 56 people.
- 1981 Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations.
- 1992 The General Synod of the Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
- 1993 A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
- 1999 The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage.
- 2000 Kaprun disaster: One hundred fifty-five skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel in Kaprun, Austria.
- 2001 Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.
- 2002 A Fokker F27 Friendship operating as Laoag International Airlines Flight 585 crashes into Manila Bay shortly after takeoff from Ninoy Aquino International Airport, killing 19 people.
- 2004 New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
- 2004 The Palestine Liberation Organization confirms the death of Yasser Arafat from unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
- 2006 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
- 2011 A helicopter crash just outside Mexico City kills seven, including Francisco Blake Mora the Secretary of the Interior of Mexico.
- 2012 A strong earthquake with the magnitude 6.8 hits northern Burma, killing at least 26 people.
- 2014 Fifty-eight people are killed in a bus crash in the Sukkur District in southern Pakistan's Sindh province.
- 2020 Typhoon Vamco makes landfall in Luzon and several offshore islands, killing 67 people. The storm causes the worst floods in the region since Typhoon Ketsana in 2009.
- 2022 Russo-Ukrainian War: Ukrainian armed forces enter the city of Kherson following a successful two-month southern counteroffensive.

* Source Wikipedia

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القرآن الكريم: ترجمة معانيه وتفسيره وعرض لمفرداته ولطائفه

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